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12/2016

Library Books

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Hadfield, R. H. and G. Johansson. 2016. Superconducting devices in quantum optics. Springer. TK7872.S8 H35 2016

This book presents the basics and applications of superconducting devices in quantum optics. Superconducting detectors provide unparalleled performance for the detection of infrared photons in quantum cryptography, enable fundamental advances in quantum optics, and provide a direct route to on-chip optical quantum information processing. Superconducting circuits based on Josephson junctions provide a blueprint for scalable quantum information processing as well as opening up a new regime for quantum optics at microwave wavelengths. The new field of quantum acoustics allows the state of a superconducting qubit to be transmitted as a phonon excitation.  

Mitschke, Fedor. 2016. Fiber optics: physics and technology, 2nd ed. Springer. TA1800 .M58 2016

This book takes you from the physical basics of ray and beam optics, explain fiber structure and the functions of optical elements, and brings you to the forefront of applications. The state of the art of high speed data transmission is described, and the use of fiber optic sensors in metrology is treated. This book is written so that students of both physics and electrical engineering, as well as technicians and engineers involved in optical technologies, will benefit.

Neri, Ferrante. 2016. Linear Algebra for computational sciences and engineering. Springer. QA184.2 .M35 2016

This book presents the main concepts of linear algebra from the viewpoint of applied scientists without compromising on mathematical rigor. Based on the idea that computational scientists and engineers need an understanding of theoretical concepts of mathematics in order to be able to propose research advances and innovative solutions, every concept is thoroughly introduced and is accompanied by its informal interpretation. Most of the theorems included are first rigorously proved and then shown in practice by a numerical example. This book is designed to be ideal for both theoretical and practical minds and to offer to both alternative and complementary perspectives to study and understand linear algebra.

Song, Hongjiang. 2017. VLSI analog circuits: algorithms, architecture, modeling, and circuit implementation, 2nd ed. McGraw Hill Education. TK7874.75 .S65 2017

This comprehensive resource shows how very-large-scale integration (VLSI) technology can be effectively deployed in real-world electronics to meet cost, power, function, and reliability requirements. This textbook is for advanced electrical engineering courses that shows, step-by-step, how to analyze and solve practical design problems using VLSI. The reader will get up-to-date discussions on VLSI passive, active-RC, MOS-C, Gm-C, CTI, SC, and SI analog filter circuits. Mixed-mode configurations, VLSI RF signal processing, and circuit tuning techniques are explained in full detail.

Tenoudji, F. C. 2016. Analog and digital signal analysis: from basics to applications. Springer. TK5102.9 .T25 2016

This book provides comprehensive, graduate-level treatment of analog and digital signal analysis suitable for course use and self-guided learning. This expert text guides the reader from the basics of signal theory through a range of application tools for use in acoustic analysis, geophysics, and data compression. Each concept is introduced and explained step by step, and the necessary mathematical formulae are integrated in an accessible and intuitive way. The first part of the book explores how analog systems and signals form the basics of signal analysis. Part II covers digital signals, demonstrating their key advantages; while the third part of the book is devoted to random signals, including spectral estimation, parametric modeling, and Tikhonov regularization.

Electronic Books (ebrary)

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Evans, D. J. et al. 2016. Fundamentals of classical statistical thermodynamics: dissipation, relaxation and fluctuation theorems. Wiley-VCH.

Both a comprehensive overview and a treatment at the appropriate level of detail, this textbook explains thermodynamics and generalizes the subject so it can be applied to small nano- or biosystems, arbitrarily far from or close to equilibrium. In addition, nonequilibrium free energy theorems are covered with a rigorous exposition of each one. Throughout, the authors stress the physical concepts along with the mathematical derivations. For researchers and students in physics, chemistry, materials science and molecular biology, this is a useful text for postgraduate courses in statistical mechanics, thermodynamics and molecular simulations, while equally serving as a reference for university teachers and researchers in these fields.

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Gobel, E. O. and Uwe Siegner. 2015. Quantum metrology: foundation of units and measurements. Wiley-VCH.

This book introduces and explains the applications of modern physics concepts to metrology, the science and the applications of measurements. A special focus is made on the use of quantum standards for the realization of the forthcoming new SI (the international system of units). The basic physical phenomena are introduced on a level which provides comprehensive information for the experienced reader but also provides a guide for a more intense study of these phenomena for students.

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Olsen, G. H. 1986. Electronics made simple, 2nd ed. Heinemann.

This book is divided into 15 chapters and begins with reviews of the properties and behavior of resistors, capacitors, inductors, and semiconductor devices. Considerable chapters deal with how these devices can be assembled into useful fundamental circuits such as amplifiers, oscillators and power supplies. These topics are followed by discussions of the importance of integrated circuits and the use of digital equipment and photocells in control and computing apparatus. The remaining chapters are devoted to electronic systems of general interest such as radio, television and high fidelity sound reproduction. Ten projects are presented based on simple and useful circuits given for those who wish to use their knowledge to produce practical results. 

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Zekai, S. 2016. Spatial modeling principles in earth sciences, 2nd ed. Springer.

This is a revised and updated second edition, including new chapters on temporal and point uncertainty model, as well as on sampling and deterministic modeling. It is a comprehensive presentation of spatial modeling techniques used in the earth sciences, outlining original techniques developed by the author. This book outlines in a detailed yet accessible way the main spatial modeling techniques, in particular the Kriging methodology. It also presents many unique physical approaches, field cases, and sample interpretations.
Since Kriging’s origin in the 1960s it has been developed into a number of new methods such as cumulative SV (CSV), point CSV (PCSV), and spatial dependence function, which have been applied in different aspects of the earth sciences. Each techniques is explained, as well as how they are used to model earth science phenomena such as geology, earthquakes, meteorology, and hydrology. In addition to Kriging and its variants, several alternatives to Kriging methodology are presented and the necessary steps in their applications are clearly explained. Simple spatial variation prediction methodologies are also revised with up-to-date literature, and the ways in which they relate to more advanced spatial modeling methodologies are explained.

 

11/2016

Library Books

Electronic Books (ebrary)

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Alfano, Robert R. 2016. The supercontinuum laser source: the ultimate white light, 3rd ed. Springer.

This is the third edition of a well-known classic on ultrafast nonlinear and linear processes responsible for supercontinuum generation. Part I of the book reviews the progress achieved in experimental and theoretical understanding of the field, and goes over the applications developed since the discovery of the supercontinuum effect. Part II covers recent research activity on supercontinuum phenomena and advances achieved since the publication of the previous edition. The new chapters specifically focus on: normal dispersion photonic band gap fibers; coherence in the supercontinuum; supercontinuum in the UV, NIR, and IR; and supercontinuum in XUV and X-rays for attosecond pulses.

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Karimi, Hassan A. 2015. Indoor wayfinding and navigation. CRC Press.

Due to the widespread use of navigation systems for wayfinding and navigation in the outdoors, researchers have devoted their efforts in recent years to designing navigation systems that can be used indoors. This book is a comprehensive guide to designing and building indoor wayfinding and navigation systems. It covers all types of feasible sensors (for example, Wi-Fi, A-GPS), discussing the level of accuracy, the types of map data needed, the data sources, and the techniques for providing routes and directions within structures.

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Knippertz, Peter and Jan-Berend W. Stuut. 2014. Mineral dust: a key player in the earth system. Springer.

This volume presents state-of-the-art research about mineral dust, including results from field campaigns, satellite observations, laboratory studies, computer modelling and theoretical studies. Aspects of dust research covered in this book reach from timescales of minutes (as with dust devils, cloud processes, and radiation) to millennia (as with loess formation and oceanic sediments), making dust both a player and recorder of environmental change. The book is structured in four main parts that explore characteristics of dust, the global dust cycle, impacts of dust on the Earth system, and dust as a climate indicator.

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Seinfield, John H. and Spyros N. Pandis. 2016. Atmospheric chemistry and physics: from air pollution to climate change 3rd ed. Wiley and Sons.

Since the second edition of Seinfeld and Pandis' classic textbook, significant progress has taken place in the field of atmospheric chemistry and physics, particularly in the areas of tropospheric chemistry, aerosols, and the science of climate change. A new edition of this comprehensive work has been developed by the renowned author team. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 3rd Edition, as the previous two editions have done, provides a rigorous and comprehensive treatment of the chemistry and physics of the atmosphere including the chemistry of the stratosphere and troposphere, aerosol physics and chemistry, atmospheric new particle formation, physical meteorology, cloud physics, global climate, statistical analysis of data, and mathematical chemical/transport models of the atmosphere. Each of these topics is covered in detail and in each area the central results are developed from first principles. In this way the reader gains a significant understanding of the science underlying atmospheric processes and will be able to extend theories and results to solving real world problems.

 

 

10/2016

Library Books

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Belmudez, Benjamin. 2015. Audiovisual quality assessment and prediction for videotelephony. Springer. TK5105.15 .B45 2015.

The work presented in this book focuses on modeling audiovisual quality as perceived by the users of IP-based solutions for video communication like videotelephony. It also extends the current framework for the parametric prediction of audiovisual call quality. The book addresses several aspects related to the quality perception of entire video calls, namely, the quality estimation of the single audio and video modalities in an interactive context, the audiovisual quality integration of these modalities and the temporal pooling of short sample-based quality scores to account for the perceptual quality impact of time-varying degradations.

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Fischetti, Massimo V. and William G. Vandenberghe. 2016. Advanced physics of electron transport in semiconductors and nanostructures. Springer. QC611.6.E45 F57 2016.

This textbook is aimed at second-year graduate students in Physics, Electrical Engineer­ing, or Materials Science. It presents a rigorous introduction to electronic transport in solids, especially at the nanometer scale.Understanding electronic transport in solids requires some basic knowledge of Ham­iltonian Classical Mechanics, Quantum Mechanics, Condensed Matter Theory, and Statistical Mechanics. Hence, this book discusses those sub-topics which are required to deal with electronic transport in a single, self-contained course. This will be useful for students who intend to work in academia or the nano/ micro-electronics industry.

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Ghasemi, Abdoolah et al. 2016. Propagation engineering in wireless communications, 2nd ed. Springer. TK 6553 .G43 2016.

This book covers the basic principles for understanding radio wave propagation for common frequency bands used in radio-communications. This includes achievements and developments in propagation models for wireless communication. This book is intended to bridge the gap between the theoretical calculations and approaches to the applied procedures needed for radio links design in a proper manner. The authors emphasize propagation engineering by giving fundamental information and explain the use of basic principles together with technical achievements. This new edition includes additional information on radio wave propagation in guided media and technical issues for fiber optics cable networks with several examples and problems. This book also includes a solution manual - with 90 solved examples distributed throughout the chapters - and 158 problems including practical values and assumptions.

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Hester, R. E. et al. 2016. Airborne particulate matter: sources, atmospheric processes and health, volume 42. Royal Society of Chemistry. TD883 .H487 2016.

The estimated health impacts and associated economic costs resulting from airborne particulate matter are substantial. Exposure to airborne fine particles ranks highly amongst preventable causes of disease. This book reviews the sources and atmospheric processes affecting airborne particulate matter and consequent impacts upon human health. Examining the latest information on the sources of particles in the atmosphere, both through direct emissions and atmospheric formation, the book also explores the methods which are used to estimate the contributions of different sources to airborne concentrations. Featuring case studies from recent assessments in Europe, the USA, China and India, the book provides a global overview of source apportionment. The health effects are reviewed in the context of the influence of sources, chemical composition and particle size upon relative toxicity. This comprehensive book is an important reference for policymakers and consultants working with pollution and human health, as well as academics working in atmospheric chemistry.

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Orszag, Miguel. 2016. Quantum optics: including noise reduction, trapped ions, quantum trajectories, and decoherence, 3rd ed. Springer. QA446.2 .O76 2016.

Quantum Optics gives a very broad coverage of basic laser-related phenomena that allow scientist and engineers to carry out research in quantum optics and laser physics.

It covers quantization of the electromagnetic field, quantum theory of coherence, atom-field interaction models, resonance fluorescence, quantum theory of damping, laser theory using both the master equation and the Langevin theory, the correlated emission laser, input-output theory with applications to non-linear optics, quantum trajectories, quantum non-demolition measurements and generation of non-classical vibrational states of ions in a Paul trap. In this second edition, there is an enlarged chapter on decoherence, as well as additional material dealing with elements of quantum computation, entanglement of pure and mixed states as well as a chapter on quantum copying and processors.

These topics are presented in a unified and didactic manner. The presentation of the book is clear and pedagogical; it balances the theoretical aspect of quantum optics and quantum information theory with recent relevant experiments.

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Russ, Samuel H. 2016. Signal integrity: applied electromagnetics and professional practice. TK7867.2 .R87 2016.

This textbook teaches how to design working systems at very high frequencies. It is designed to introduce computer engineers to the design of extremely high speed digital systems. Combining an intuitive, physics-based approach to electromagnetics with a focus on solving realistic problems, the author presents concepts that are essential for computer and electrical engineers today. The book emphasizes an intuitive approach to electromagnetics, and then uses this foundation to show the reader how both physical phenomena can cause signals to propagate incorrectly; and how to solve commonly encountered issues. Emphasis is placed on real problems that the author has encountered in his professional career, integrating problem-solving strategies and real signal-integrity case studies throughout the presentation. Students are challenged to think about managing complex design projects and implementing successful engineering and manufacturing processes. Each chapter includes exercises to test concepts introduced.

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Sirca, Simon. 2016. Probability for physicists. Springer. QA273 .S57 2016.

This book is designed as a practical and intuitive introduction to probability, statistics and random quantities for physicists. The book aims at getting to the main points by a clear, hands-on exposition supported by well-illustrated and worked-out examples. A strong focus on applications in physics and other natural sciences is maintained throughout. In addition to basic concepts of random variables, distributions, expected values and statistics, the book discusses the notions of entropy, Markov processes, and fundamentals of random number generation and Monte-Carlo methods.

Electronic Books (ebrary)

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Aaen, Peter H. et al. 2007. Modeling and characterization of RF and microwave power FETs.

This book is an introductory course to the physics and chemistry of the atmosphere and to climate dynamics. It covers the basics in thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, radiation, and chemistry and explains the most intriguing problems that currently exist in the study of the atmospheres of the Earth and planets. A particular effort is made to approach the different topics intuitively. Among the themes covered are the most recent evolution concerning the chemistry of polluted troposphere, the global warming problem, and chaos and nonlinear theory.

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Chave, Alan D. and Alan G. Jones. 2012. The magnetotelluric method: theory and practice.

The Magnetotelluric Method is a technique for imaging the electrical conductivity and structure of the Earth, from the near surface down to the 410 km transition zone and beyond. This book forms the first comprehensive overview of magnetotellurics from the salient physics and its mathematical representation, to practical implementation in the field, data processing, modeling and geological interpretation. Electromagnetic induction in 1-D, 2-D and 3-D media is explored, building from first principles, and with thorough coverage of the practical techniques of time series processing, distortion, numerical modeling and inversion.

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Marshall, John. 1995. Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics: an introductory text.

For advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in atmospheric, oceanic, and climate science, Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics is an introductory textbook on the circulations of the atmosphere and ocean and their interaction, with an emphasis on global scales. It will give students a good grasp of what the atmosphere and oceans look like on the large-scale and why they look that way. The role of the oceans in climate and paleoclimate is also discussed. The combination of observations, theory and accompanying illustrative laboratory experiments sets this text apart by making it accessible to students with no prior training in meteorology or oceanography.

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Rouphael, Tony J. 2014. Wireless receiver architectures and design: antennas, RF, synthesizers, mixed signal, and digital signal processing.

Wireless Receiver Architectures and Design presents the various designs and architectures of wireless receivers in the context of modern multi-mode and multi-standard devices. This one-stop reference and guide to designing low-cost low-power multi-mode, multi-standard receivers treats analog and digital signal processing simultaneously, with equal detail given to the chosen architecture and modulating waveform. It provides a complete understanding of the receiver‘s analog front end and the digital backend, and how each affects the other. The book explains the design process in great detail, starting from an analysis of requirements to the choice of architecture and finally to the design and algorithm development. The advantages and disadvantages of each wireless architecture and the suitability to a standard are given, enabling a better choice of design methodology, receiver lineup, analog block, and digital algorithm for a particular architecture.

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Visconti, Guido. 2016. Fundamentals of physics and chemistry of the atmospheres, 2nd edition.

This book is an introductory course to the physics and chemistry of the atmosphere and to climate dynamics. It covers the basics in thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, radiation, and chemistry and explains the most intriguing problems that currently exist in the study of the atmospheres of the Earth and planets. A particular effort is made to approach the different topics intuitively. Among the themes covered are the most recent evolution concerning the chemistry of polluted troposphere, the global warming problem, and chaos and nonlinear theory.

8-9/2016

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