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Title: Practical Methods of Optimization

Author: R. Fletcher

eISBN: 9781118723210

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated

Publication Date: 2013-06-06

Summary from ebook Central: Fully describes optimization methods that are currently most valuable in solving real-life problems. Since optimization has applications in almost every branch of science and technology, the text emphasizes their practical aspects in conjunction with the heuristics useful in making them perform more reliably and efficiently. To this end, it presents comparative numerical studies to give readers a feel for possibile applications and to illustrate the problems in assessing evidence. Also provides theoretical background which provides insights into how methods are derived. This edition offers revised coverage of basic theory and standard techniques, with updated discussions of line search methods, Newton and quasi-Newton methods, and conjugate direction methods, as well as a comprehensive treatment of restricted step or trust region methods not commonly found in the literature. Also includes recent developments in hybrid methods for nonlinear least squares; an extended discussion of linear programming, with new methods for stable updating of LU factors; and a completely new section on network programming. Chapters include computer subroutines, worked examples, and study questions.

Title: Footprints in Micrometeorology and Ecology

Author: Monique Y. Leclerc and Thomas Foken

eISBN: 9783642545450

Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

Publication Date: 2014-08-12

Summary from eBook Central: How to interpret meteorological measurements made at a given level over a surface with regard to characteristic properties such as roughness, albedo, heat, moisture, carbon dioxide, and other gases is an old question which goes back to the very beginnings of modern micrometeorology. It is made even more challenging when it is unclear whether these measurements are only valid for this point/region and precisely describe the conditions there, or if they are also influenced by surrounding areas. After 50 years of field experiments, it has become both apparent and problematic that meteorological measurements are influenced from surfaces on the windward side. As such, extending these measurements for inhomogeneous experimental sites requires a quantitative understanding of these influences. When combined with atmospheric transport models similar to air pollution models, the ‘footprint’ concept – a fundamental approach introduced roughly 20 years ago – provides us with information on whether or not the condition of upwind site homogeneity is fulfilled. Since these first models, the development of more scientifically based versions, validation experiments and applications has advanced rapidly. The aim of this book is to provide an overview of these developments, to analyze present deficits, to describe applications and to advance this topic at the forefront of micrometeorological research.

Title: An Introduction to Fractional Calculus

Author: A. M. Mathai and H. J. Haubold

eISBN: 9781536120639

Publisher: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Publication Date: 2017-08-11

Summary from eBook Central: This is a modified version of Module 10 of the Centre for Mathematical and Statistical Sciences (CMSS). CMSS modules are notes prepared on various topics with many examples from real-life situations and exercises so that the subject matter becomes interesting to students. These modules are used for undergraduate level courses and graduate level training in various topics at CMSS. Aside from Module 8, these modules were developed by Dr. A. M. Mathai, Director of CMSS and Emeritus Professor of Mathematics and Statistics, McGill University, Canada. Module 8 is based on the lecture notes of Professor W. J. Anderson of McGill University, developed for his undergraduate course (Mathematics 447). Professor Dr. Hans J. Haubold has been a research collaborator of Dr. A.M. Mathai’s since 1984, mainly in the areas of astrophysics, special functions and statistical distribution theory. He is also a lifetime member of CMSS and a Professor at CMSS. A large number of papers have been published jointly in these areas since 1984. The following monographs and books have been brought out in conjunction with this joint research: Modern Problems in Nuclear and Neutrino Astrophysics (A.M. Mathai and H.J. Haubold, 1988, Akademie-Verlag, Berlin); Special Functions for Applied Scientists (A.M.Mathai and H.J. Haubold, 2008, Springer, New York); and The H-Function: Theory and Applications (A.M.Mathai, R.K. Saxena and H.J. Haubold, 2010, Springer, New York). These CMSS modules are printed at CMSS Press and published by CMSS. Copies are made available to students free of charge, and to researchers and others at production cost. For the preparation of the initial drafts of all these modules, financial assistance was made available from the Department of Science and Technology, the Government of India (DST), New Delhi under project number SR/S4/MS:287/05. Hence, the authors would like to express their thanks and gratitude to DST, the Government of India, for its financial assistance.

Title: RF Analog Impairments Modeling for Communication Systems Simulation : Application to OFDM-Based Transceivers

Author: Lydi Smaini

eISBN: 9781118438886

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated

Publication Date: 2012-07-30

Summary from eBook Central: With the growing complexity of personal mobile communication systems demanding higher data-rates and high levels of integration using low-cost CMOS technology, overall system performance has become more sensitive to RF analog front-end impairments. Designing integrated transceivers requires a thorough understanding of the whole transceiver chain including RF analog front-end and digital baseband. Communication system engineers have to include RF analog imperfections in their simulation benches in order to study and quantify their impact on the system performance. Here the author explores key RF analog impairments in a transceiver and demonstrates how to model their impact from a communication system design view-point. He discusses the design aspects of the front end of transceivers (both receivers and transmitters) and provides the reader with a way to optimize a complex mixed-signal platform by taking into account the characteristics of the RF/analog front-end. Key features of this book include: Practical examples illustrated by system simulation results based on WiFi and mobile WiMAX OFDM transceivers An overview of the digital estimation and compensation of the RF analog impairments such as power amplifier distortion, quadrature imbalance, and carrier and sampling frequency offsets An exposition of the challenges involved in the design of both RF analog circuits and DSP communication circuits in deep submicron CMOS technology MATLAB#65533; codes for RF analog impairments models hosted on the companion website Uniquely the book bridges the gap between RFIC design specification needs and communication systems simulation, offering readers RF analog impairments modeling knowledge and a comprehensive approach to unifying theory and practice in system modelling. It is of great value to communication systems and DSP engineers and graduate students who design communication processing engines, RF/analog systems and IC design engineers involved in the design of communication platforms.

Title: Harvesting Rainwater from Buildings

Author: Harvesting Rainwater from Buildings

eISBN: 9783319463629

Publisher: Springer

Publication Date: 2017-01-09

Summary from eBook Central: The present book describes in detail all aspects of rainwater harvesting, including the basic concepts, procedures, opportunities and practice of rainwater harvesting mainly focusing its application in buildings of various occupancies and sizes. It provides a user-friendly methodology for the planning, design, construction and maintenance of rainwater harvesting infrastructure, in buildings and its premise, as a supplement to conventional water supplies. It highlights the application of plumbing technology, which is an important aspect of rainwater harvesting in buildings. It also includes global rainfall scenario and brief notes on all the elements of rainwater harvesting used in buildings. It is a valuable reference resource for policy and decision-makers, as well as for engineers, architects and students.

Title: Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies

Author: Markku Tilli, Teruaki Motooka, Veli-Matti Airaksinen, Sami Franssila, Mervi Paulasto-Krockel, and Veikko Lindroos

eISBN: 9780323312233

Publisher: Elsevier Science

Publication Date: 2015-09-22

Summary from eBook Central: The Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies, Second Edition, is a comprehensive guide to MEMS materials, technologies, and manufacturing that examines the state-of-the-art with a particular emphasis on silicon as the most important starting material used in MEMS. The book explains the fundamentals, properties (mechanical, electrostatic, optical, etc.), materials selection, preparation, manufacturing, processing, system integration, measurement, and materials characterization techniques, sensors, and multi-scale modeling methods of MEMS structures, silicon crystals, and wafers, also covering micromachining technologies in MEMS and encapsulation of MEMS components. Furthermore, it provides vital packaging technologies and process knowledge for silicon direct bonding, anodic bonding, glass frit bonding, and related techniques, shows how to protect devices from the environment, and provides tactics to decrease package size for a dramatic reduction in costs. Provides vital packaging technologies and process knowledge for silicon direct bonding, anodic bonding, glass frit bonding, and related techniques Shows how to protect devices from the environment and decrease package size for a dramatic reduction in packaging costs Discusses properties, preparation, and growth of silicon crystals and wafers Explains the many properties (mechanical, electrostatic, optical, etc.), manufacturing, processing, measuring (including focused beam techniques), and multiscale modeling methods of MEMS structures Geared towards practical applications rather than theory.

Title: Lean In: Women, Work, and the Will to Lead

Author: Sheryl Sandberg


Publisher: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group; 2013

Summary from publisher's website: Thirty years after women became 50 percent of the college graduates in the United States, men still hold the vast majority of leadership positions in government and industry. This means that women's voices are still not heard equally in the decisions that most affect our lives. In this book the author examines why women's progress in achieving leadership roles has stalled, explains the root causes, and offers solutions that can empower women to achieve their full potential. She is the chief operating officer of Facebook and is ranked on Fortune magazine's list of the 50 Most Powerful Women in Business and as one of Time magazine's 100 Most Influential People in the World. In 2010, she gave an electrifying TEDTalk in which she described how women unintentionally hold themselves back in their careers. Her talk, which became a phenomenon and has been viewed more than two million times, encouraged women to "sit at the table," seek challenges, take risks, and pursue their goals with gusto. She digs deeper into these issues, combining personal anecdotes, hard data, and compelling research to cut through the layers of ambiguity and bias surrounding the lives and choices of working women. She recounts her own decisions, mistakes, and daily struggles to make the right choices for herself, her career, and her family. She provides advice on negotiation techniques, mentorship, and building a satisfying career, urging women to set boundaries and to abandon the myth of "having it all." She describes specific steps women can take to combine professional achievement with personal fulfillment and demonstrates how men can benefit by supporting women in the workplace and at home. The book is a call to action and a blueprint for individual growth; it is designed to change the conversation from what women can't do to what they can.

Title: Supercontinuum Generation in Optical Fibers 1st Edition

Author: J. M. Dudley, J. R. Taylor

ISBN-13: 978-0521514804

Publisher:Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2010

Summary from publisher's website: "The optical fiber based supercontinuum source has recently become a significant scientific and commercial success, with applications ranging from frequency comb production to advanced medical imaging. This unique book explains the theory of fiber supercontinuum broadening, describes the diverse operational regimes and indicates principal areas of applications, making it an indispensable guide for researchers and graduate students. With contributions from major figures and groups who have pioneered research in this field, the book describes the historical development of the subject, provides a background to the associated nonlinear optical processes, treats the generation mechanisms from continuous wave to femtosecond pulse pump regimes and highlights several important applications. A full discussion of numerical methods and comprehensive computer code are also provided, enabling readers to confidently predict and model supercontinuum generation characteristics under realistic conditions"

Title: Validation of Chromatography Data Systems: Ensuring Data Integrity, Meeting Business and Regulatory Requirements (RSC Chromatography Monographs)

Author: McDowall, Robert

ISBN: 978-1849736626

Publisher: Boca Raton : CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, [2017]

Summary from publisher's website: Guiding chromatographers working in regulated industries and helping them to validate their chromatography data systems to meet data integrity, business and regulatory needs. This book is a detailed look at the life cycle and documented evidence required to ensure a system is fit for purpose throughout the lifecycle. Initially providing the regulatory, data integrity and system life cycle requirements for computerised system validation, the book then develops into a guide on planning, specifying, managing risk, configuring and testing a chromatography data system before release. This is followed by operational aspects such as training, integration and IT support and finally retirement. All areas are discussed in detail with case studies and practical examples provided as appropriate. The book has been carefully written and is right up to date including recently released FDA data integrity guidance. It provides detailed guidance on good practice and expands on the first edition making it an invaluable addition to a chromatographer s book shelf.


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