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06/2018

Library Books

Mathematical Problems in Meteorological Modelling

Title: Principles of Modern Radar : Advanced Techniques

Author: William L. Melvin, James A. Scheer, William A. Holm, and James A. Scheer

eISBN: 9781613531471

Publisher: Springer

Publication Date: 2014-05-14

Summary from ebook Central: This second of three volumes in the Principles of Modern Radar series offers a much-needed professional reference for practicing radar engineers. It provides the stepping stones under one cover to advanced practice with overview discussions of the most commonly used techniques for radar design, thereby bridging readers to single-topic advanced books, papers, and presentations. It spans a gamut of exciting radar capabilities from exotic waveforms to ultra-high resolution 2D and 3D imaging methods, complex adaptive interference cancellation, multi-target tracking in dense scenarios, multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO) and much more. All of this material is presented with the same careful balance of quantitative rigor and qualitative insight of Principles of Modern Radar: Basic Principles. Each chapter is likewise authored by recognized subject experts, with the rigorous editing for consistency and suggestions of numerous volunteer reviewers from the radar community applied throughout. Advanced academic and training courses will appreciate the sets of chapter-end problems for students, as well as worked solutions for instructors. Extensive reference lists show the way for further study.


CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics

Title: Git Essentials - Second Edition

Author: Ferdinando Santacroce

eISBN: 9781787283176

Publisher: Packt Publishing

Publication Date: 2017-11-08

Summary from eBook Central: Dive and explore into the latest addons of the latest Git. About This Book • Master all the basic concepts of Git to protect your code and make it easier to evolve • Use Git proficiently, and learn how to resolve day-by-day challenges easily • This step-by-step guide is packed with examples to help you learn and work with Git's internals Who This Book Is For If you are a software developer with little or no experience of versioning systems, or you are familiar with other centralized versioning systems, then this book is for you. If you have experience in server and system management and need to broaden your use of Git from a DevOps perspective, this book contains everything you need. What You Will Learn • Master Git fundamentals • Be able to "visualize," even with the help of a valid GUI tool • Write principal commands in a shell • Figure out the right strategy to run change your daily work with few or no annoyances • Explore the tools used to migrate to Git from the Subversion versioning system without losing your development history • Plan new projects and repositories with ease, using online services, or local network resources In Detail Since its inception, Git has attracted skilled developers due to its robust, powerful, and reliable features. Its incredibly fast branching ability transformed a piece of code from a niche tool for Linux Kernel developers into a mainstream distributed versioning system. Like most powerful tools, Git can be hard to approach since it has a lot of commands, subcommands, and options that easily confuse newcomers. The 2nd edition of this very successful book will help you overcome this fear and become adept in all the basic tasks in Git. Building upon the success of the first book, we start with a brief step-by-step installation guide; after this, you'll delve into the essentials of Git. For those of you who have bought the first edition, this time we go into internals in far greater depth, talking less about theory and using much more practical examples. The book serves as a primer for topics to follow, such as branching and merging, creating and managing a GitHub personal repository, and fork and pull requests. You'll then learn the art of cherry-picking, taking only the commits you want, followed by Git blame. Finally, we'll see how to interoperate with a Subversion server, covering the concepts and commands needed to convert an SVN repository into a Git repository. To conclude, this is a collection of resources, links, and appendices to satisfy even the most curious. Style and approach This short guide will help you understand the concepts and fundamentals of GIT is a step-by-step manner.

  

Weather by Numbers: The Genesis of Modern Meteorology

Title: Ocean Biogeochemical Dynamics

Author: Jorge L. Sarmiento and Nicolas Gruber

eISBN: 9781400849079

Publisher: Princeton University Press

Publication Date: 2006-06-09

Summary from eBook Central: Ocean Biogeochemical Dynamics provides a broad theoretical framework upon which graduate students and upper-level undergraduates can formulate an understanding of the processes that control the mean concentration and distribution of biologically utilized elements and compounds in the ocean. Though it is written as a textbook, it will also be of interest to more advanced scientists as a wide-ranging synthesis of our present understanding of ocean biogeochemical processes. The first two chapters of the book provide an introductory overview of biogeochemical and physical oceanography. The next four chapters concentrate on processes at the air-sea interface, the production of organic matter in the upper ocean, the remineralization of organic matter in the water column, and the processing of organic matter in the sediments. The focus of these chapters is on analyzing the cycles of organic carbon, oxygen, and nutrients. The next three chapters round out the authors' coverage of ocean biogeochemical cycles with discussions of silica, dissolved inorganic carbon and alkalinity, and CaCO3. The final chapter discusses applications of ocean biogeochemistry to our understanding of the role of the ocean carbon cycle in interannual to decadal variability, paleoclimatology, and the anthropogenic carbon budget. The problem sets included at the end of each chapter encourage students to ask critical questions in this exciting new field. While much of the approach is mathematical, the math is at a level that should be accessible to students with a year or two of college level mathematics and/or physics.

  

Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry Recent Advances, Techniques and Applications

Title: Space-Time Computing with Temporal Neural Networks

Author: James E. Smith and Margaret Martonosi

eISBN: 9781627058902

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

Publication Date: 2017-05-18

Summary from eBook Central: Understanding and implementing the brain's computational paradigm is the one true grand challenge facing computer researchers. Not only are the brain's computational capabilities far beyond those of conventional computers, its energy efficiency is truly remarkable. This book, written from the perspective of a computer designer and targeted at computer researchers, is intended to give both background and lay out a course of action for studying the brain's computational paradigm. It contains a mix of concepts and ideas drawn from computational neuroscience, combined with those of the author. As background, relevant biological features are described in terms of their computational and communication properties. The brain's neocortex is constructed of massively interconnected neurons that compute and communicate via voltage spikes, and a strong argument can be made that precise spike timing is an essential element of the paradigm. Drawing from the biological features, a mathematics-based computational paradigm is constructed. The key feature is spiking neurons that perform communication and processing in space-time, with emphasis on time. In these paradigms, time is used as a freely available resource for both communication and computation. Neuron models are first discussed in general, and one is chosen for detailed development. Using the model, single-neuron computation is first explored. Neuron inputs are encoded as spike patterns, and the neuron is trained to identify input pattern similarities. Individual neurons are building blocks for constructing larger ensembles, referred to as "columns". These columns are trained in an unsupervised manner and operate collectively to perform the basic cognitive function of pattern clustering. Similar input patterns are mapped to a much smaller set of similar output patterns, thereby dividing the input patterns into identifiable clusters. Larger cognitive systems are formed by combining columns into a hierarchical architecture. These higher level architectures are the subject of ongoing study, and progress to date is described in detail in later chapters. Simulation plays a major role in model development, and the simulation infrastructure developed by the author is described.

  

Uncertain Differential Equation

Title: Corrosion : Material Performance and Cathodic Protection

Author: S. Syngellakis

eISBN: 9781784662509

Publisher: WIT Press

Publication Date: 2017-05-23

Summary from eBook Central: Corrosion is a degrading material process frequently encountered in engineering structures and components, which may lead to costly and catastrophic failures if not properly and timely addressed. This volume describes a wide spectrum of experimental and analytical studies, which provide a fairly comprehensive account of corrosion manifestations and methodologies for addressing them in structural and industrial design. As such, it is expected to make a valuable reference publication for engineers and scientists interested in the protection of structures and components from harmful and potentially ruinous corrosive action. The collected articles comprising this volume address issues which can be categorised into two main areas. The first is concerned with material science approaches to corrosion, that is, visual or instrumental means of assessing existing behaviour or effectiveness of corrective measures and techniques. The second part of the volume comprises boundary element simulations of cathodic protection schemes for the purpose of predicting and optimising their performance. A number of practical problems are analysed such as: the coating condition on a ballast tank wall; the impressed current cathodic protection of an offshore platform and minimizing a ship’s electric and magnetic signature. Topics covered include: Elemental identification; Material loss; Strain fields; Stress corrosion cracking; Corrosion resistance; Fretting corrosion; Contact surface damage; Electrochemical testing; Coating conditions; Cathodic protection; Current density distribution; Pipelines and deep well casings; Electric and magnetic signatures; Coating damage effects; Galvanic corrosion.

  

Aviation Fuel Properties

Title: Algorithms of oppression : how search engines reinforce racism

Author: Safiya Umoja Noble

OCLC Number: 890598068

Publisher: New York University Press, 2018

Summary from pg. 4 of cover: In Algorithms of Oppression, Safiya Umoja Noble challenges the idea that search engines like Google offer an equal playing field for all forms of ideas, identities, and activities. Data discrimination is a real social problem. Noble argues that the combination of private interests in promoting certain sites, along with the monopoly status of a relatively small number of Internet search engines, leads to a biased set of search algorithms that privilege whiteness and discriminate against people of color, especially women of color. Through an analysis of textual and media searches as well as extensive research on paid online advertising, Noble exposes a culture of racism and sexism in the way discoverability is created online. As search engines and their related companies grow in importance--operating as a source for email, a major vehicle for primary and secondary school learning, and beyond--understanding and reversing these disquieting trends and discriminatory practices are of utmost importance.

  

05/2018

Library Books

Mathematical Problems in Meteorological Modelling

Title: Mathematical Problems in Meteorological Modelling

Author: András Bátkai, Petra Csomós, András Horányi, István Faragó, and Gabriella Szépszó

eISBN: 9783319401577

Publisher: Springer

Publication Date: 2016-08-26

Summary from ebook Central: This book deals with mathematical problems arising in the context of meteorological modelling. It gathers and presents some of the most interesting and important issues from the interaction of mathematics and meteorology. It is unique in that it features contributions on topics like data assimilation, ensemble prediction, numerical methods, and transport modelling, from both mathematical and meteorological perspectives. The derivation and solution of all kinds of numerical prediction models require the application of results from various mathematical fields. The present volume is divided into three parts, moving from mathematical and numerical problems through air quality modelling, to advanced applications in data assimilation and probabilistic forecasting. The book arose from the workshop "Mathematical Problems in Meteorological Modelling" held in Budapest in May 2014 and organized by the ECMI Special Interest Group on Numerical Weather Prediction. Its main objective is to highlight the beauty of the development fields discussed, to demonstrate their mathematical complexity and, more importantly, to encourage mathematicians to contribute to the further success of such practical applications as weather forecasting and climate change projections. Written by leading experts in the field, the book provides an attractive and diverse introduction to areas in which mathematicians and modellers from the meteorological community can cooperate and help each other solve the problems that operational weather centres face, now and in the near future. Readers engaged in meteorological research will become more familiar with the corresponding mathematical background, while mathematicians working in numerical analysis, partial differential equations, or stochastic analysis will be introduced to further application fields of their research area, and will find stimulation and motivation for their future research work.


CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics

Title: CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 95th Edition

Author: CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 95th Edition

eISBN: 9781482208689

Publisher: CRC Press

Publication Date: 2014-06-04

Summary from eBook Central: Proudly serving the scientific community for over a century, this 95th edition of the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics is an update of a classic reference, mirroring the growth and direction of science. This venerable work continues to be the most accessed and respected scientific reference in the world. An authoritative resource consisting of tables of data and current international recommendations on nomenclature, symbols, and units, its usefulness spans not only the physical sciences but also related areas of biology, geology, and environmental science. The 95th Edition of the Handbook includes 22 new tables and major updates and expansions. A new series highlighting the achievements of some of the major historical figures in chemistry and physics was initiated with the 94th edition. This series is continued with this edition, which is focused on Galileo Galilei, James Clerk Maxwell, Marie Sklodowska Curie, and Linus Carl Pauling. This series, which provides biographical information, a list of major achievements, and notable quotations attributed to each of the renowned chemists and physicists, will be continued in succeeding editions. Each edition will feature two chemists and two physicists. Available in traditional print format, as an eBook, and online, this reference puts physical property data and mathematical formulas used in labs and classrooms every day within easy reach. New tables: Section 8: Analytical Chemistry Figures of Merit Common Symbols Used in Gas and Liquid Chromatographic Schematic Diagrams Varieties of Hyphenated Gas Chromatography with Mass Spectrometry Section 15: Practical Laboratory Data Standard Fittings for Compressed Gas Cylinders Plug and Outlet Configurations for Common Laboratory Devices Section 16: Health and Safety Information Abbreviations Used in the Assessment and Presentation of Laboratory Hazards Incompatible Chemicals Explosion (Shock) Hazards Water-Reactive Chemicals Testing Requirements for Peroxidizable Compounds Tests for the Presence of Peroxides Pyrophoric Compounds - Compounds That Are Reactive with Air Flammability Hazards of Common Solvents Selection of Laboratory Gloves Selection of Respirator Cartridges and Filters Selection of Protective Laboratory Garments Protective Clothing Levels Chemical Fume Hoods and Biological Safety Cabinets Gas Cylinder Safety and Stamped Markings Laser Hazards in the Laboratory General Characteristics of Ionizing Radiation for the Purpose of Practical Application of Radiation Protection Radiation Safety Units Significantly updated and expanded tables: Section 1: Basic Constants, Units, and Conversion Factors Update of Standard Atomic Weights (2013) Update of Atomic Masses and Abundances Section 8: Analytical Chemistry Expansion of Abbreviations and Symbols Used in Analytical Chemistry Section 9: Molecular Structure and Spectroscopy Update of Bond Dissociation Energies Section 12: Properties of Solids Major update and Expansion of Electron Stopping Powers Section 14: Geophysics, Astronomy, and Acoustics Major Update of Interstellar Molecules Update of Atmospheric Concentration of Carbon Dioxide, 1958-2013 Update of Global Temperature Trend, 1880-2013 Section 15: Practical Laboratory Data Major update of Reference Points on the ITS-90 Temperature Scale Update of Laboratory Solvents and Other Liquid Reagents Section 16: Health and Safety Information Update of Flammability of Chemical Substances Update of Threshold Limits for Airborne Contaminants to 2013 values Appendix B: Update of Sources of Physical and Chemical Data

  

Weather by Numbers: The Genesis of Modern Meteorology

Title: Operational Weather Forecasting

Author: Peter Michael Inness, Steve Dorling, and Steve Dorling

eISBN: 9781118447635

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated

Publication Date: 2013-01-04

Summary from eBook Central: This book offers a complete primer, covering the end-to-end process of forecast production, and bringing together a description of all the relevant aspects together in a single volume; with plenty of explanation of some of the more complex issues and examples of current, state-of-the-art practices. Operational Weather Forecasting covers the whole process of forecast production, from understanding the nature of the forecasting problem, gathering the observational data with which to initialise and verify forecasts, designing and building a model (or models) to advance those initial conditions forwards in time and then interpreting the model output and putting it into a form which is relevant to customers of weather forecasts. Included is the generation of forecasts on the monthly-to-seasonal timescales, often excluded in text-books despite this type of forecasting having been undertaken for several years. This is a rapidly developing field, with a lot of variations in practices between different forecasting centres. Thus the authors have tried to be as generic as possible when describing aspects of numerical model design and formulation. Despite the reliance on NWP, the human forecaster still has a big part to play in producing weather forecasts and this is described, along with the issue of forecast verification - how forecast centres measure their own performance and improve upon it. Advanced undergraduates and postgraduate students will use this book to understand how the theory comes together in the day-to-day applications of weather forecast production. In addition, professional weather forecasting practitioners, professional users of weather forecasts and trainers will all find this new member of the RMetS Advancing Weather and Climate series a valuable tool. Provides an end-to-end description of the weather forecasting process Clearly structured and pitched at an accessible level, the book discusses the practical choices that operational forecasting centres have to make in terms of what numerical models they use and when they are run. Takes a very practical approach, using real life case-studies to contextualize information Discusses the latest advances in the area, including ensemble methods, monthly to seasonal range prediction and use of 'nowcasting' tools such as radar and satellite imagery Full colour throughout Written by a highly respected team of authors with experience in both academia and practice. Part of the RMetS book series 'Advancing Weather and Climate'

  

Multiphysics and Multiscale Modeling: Techniques and Applications

Title: Multiphysics and Multiscale Modeling : Techniques and Applications

Author: Young W. Kwon

eISBN: 9781482244595

Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC

Publication Date: 2015-10-05

Summary from eBook Central: Written to appeal to a wide field of engineers and scientists who work on multiscale and multiphysics analysis, Multiphysics and Multiscale Modeling: Techniques and Applications is dedicated to the many computational techniques and methods used to develop man-made systems as well as understand living systems that exist in nature. Presenting a body of research on multiscale and multiphysics analysis collected by the author over the years, this book provides an assessment of multiple computational techniques that include the finite element method, lattice Boltzmann method, cellular automata, and the molecular dynamics technique. The author also presents a number of example problems relevant to multiphysics and multiscale analyses, and introduces the proper coupling techniques that can be used in conjunction with computational methods to solve a multitude of multiscale and multiphysics problems. In addition, this detailed book: Provides a simplified analysis for crystalline structures using the finite element method and molecular dynamics Discusses multiscale analysis of biomaterials using human bones as an example Presents multiphysics problems for composite structures Includes fluidstructure interaction for composite structures surrounded by water Contains an example of the multiphysics analysis of electromechanical problems Introduces a multiphysics analysis of biomechanics using the example of blood vessels (for which there is fluid-structure interaction) Multiphysics and Multiscale Modeling: Techniques and Applications emphasizes the use of multiphysics and multiscale techniques to aid in the understanding and development of complex physical behaviors and systems. This book serves as a resource in mechanical engineering, bioengineering, and materials engineering study, practice, and research.

The Fluid Dynamics of Climate

Title: The Fluid Dynamics of Climate

Author: Antonello Provenzale, Elisa Palazzi, and Klaus Fraedrich

eISBN: 9783709118931

Publisher: 9783709118931

Publication Date: 2015-11-30

Summary from eBook Central: This volume provides an overview of the fluid aspects of the climate system, focusing on basic aspects as well as recent research developments. It will bring together contributions from diverse fields of the physical, mathematical and engineering sciences. The volume will be useful to doctorate students, postdocs and researchers working on different aspects of atmospheric, oceanic and environmental fluid dynamics. It will also be of interest to researchers interested in quantitatively understanding how fluid dynamics can be applied to the climate system, and to climate scientists willing to gain a deeper insight into the fluid mechanics underlying climate processes.

  

Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry Recent Advances, Techniques and Applications

Title: Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry : Recent Advances, Techniques and Applications

Author: Sergey Vyazovkin, Nobuyoshi Koga, and Christoph Schick

eISBN: 9780444640635

Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology

Publication Date: 2018-03-12

Summary from eBook Central: Handbook of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry: Recent Advances, Techniques and Applications, Volume Six, Second Edition, presents the latest in a series that has been well received by the thermal analysis and calorimetry community. This volume covers recent advances in techniques and applications that complement the earlier volumes. There has been tremendous progress in the field in recent years, and this book puts together the most high-impact topics selected for their popularity by new editors Sergey Vyazovkin, Nobuyoshi Koga and Christoph Schick--all editors of Thermochimica Acta. Among the important new techniques covered are biomass conversion; sustainable polymers; polymer nanocompsoties; nonmetallic glasses; phase change materials; propellants and explosives; applications to pharmaceuticals; processes in ceramics, metals, and alloys; ionic liquids; fast-scanning calorimetry, and more. Features 19 all-new chapters to bring readers up to date on the current status of the field Provides a broad overview of recent progress in the most popular techniques and applications Includes chapters authored by a recognized leader in each field and compiled by a new team of editors, each with at least 20 years of experience in the field of thermal analysis and calorimetry Enables applications across a wide range of modern materials, including polymers, metals, alloys, ceramics, energetics and pharmaceutics Overviews the current status of the field and summarizes recent progress in the most popular techniques and applications.

  

Uncertain Differential Equation

Title: Rain Formation in Warm Clouds : General Systems Theory

Title: Uncertain Differential Equation

Author: Kai Yao

eISBN: 9783662527290

Publisher: Springer

Publication Date: 2016-08-30

Summary from eBook Central: This book introduces readers to the basic concepts of and latest findings in the area of differential equations with uncertain factors. It covers the analytic method and numerical method for solving uncertain differential equations, as well as their applications in the field of finance. Furthermore, the book provides a number of new potential research directions for uncertain differential equation. It will be of interest to researchers, engineers and students in the fields of mathematics, information science, operations research, industrial engineering, computer science, artificial intelligence, automation, economics, and management science.

  

Aviation Fuel Properties

Title: Handbook of aviation fuel properties

Author: Coordinating Research Council

OCLC Number: 890598068

Publisher: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group; 2013

  

Modeling of Atmospheric Chemistry

Title: Modeling of atmospheric chemistry

Author: Guy Brasseur and Daniel J. Jacob

ISBN: 9781107146969

Publisher: Cambridge University Press; 2017

Summary from publisher's website: Mathematical modeling of atmospheric composition is a formidable scientific and computational challenge. This comprehensive presentation of the modeling methods used in atmospheric chemistry focuses on both theory and practice, from the fundamental principles behind models, through to their applications in interpreting observations. An encyclopaedic coverage of methods used in atmospheric modeling, including their advantages and disadvantages, makes this a one-stop resource with a large scope. Particular emphasis is given to the mathematical formulation of chemical, radiative, and aerosol processes; advection and turbulent transport; emission and deposition processes; as well as major chapters on model evaluation and inverse modeling. The modeling of atmospheric chemistry is an intrinsically interdisciplinary endeavour, bringing together meteorology, radiative transfer, physical chemistry and biogeochemistry, making the book of value to a broad readership. Introductory chapters and a review of the relevant mathematics make this book instantly accessible to graduate students and researchers in the atmospheric sciences.

 

 

04/2018

Library Books

Stotchastic Equations in Infinite Dimensions

Title: Stochastic Equations in Infinite Dimensions

Author: Giuseppe Da Prato and Jerzy Zabczyk

eISBN: 9781139907392

Publisher: MIT Press

Publication Date: 2016-02-05

Summary from eBook Central: Now in its second edition, this book gives a systematic and self-contained presentation of basic results on stochastic evolution equations in infinite dimensional, typically Hilbert and Banach, spaces. In the first part the authors give a self-contained exposition of the basic properties of probability measure on separable Banach and Hilbert spaces, as required later; they assume a reasonable background in probability theory and finite dimensional stochastic processes. The second part is devoted to the existence and uniqueness of solutions of a general stochastic evolution equation, and the third concerns the qualitative properties of those solutions. Appendices gather together background results from analysis that are otherwise hard to find under one roof. This revised edition includes two brand new chapters surveying recent developments in the area and an even more comprehensive bibliography, making this book an essential and up-to-date resource for all those working in stochastic differential equations.


Stochastic Equations in Infinite Dimensions

Title: Stochastic Equations in Infinite Dimensions

Author: Giuseppe Da Prato and Jerzy Zabczyk

eISBN: 9781139907392

Publisher: MIT Press

Publication Date: 2016-02-05

Summary from eBook Central: Now in its second edition, this book gives a systematic and self-contained presentation of basic results on stochastic evolution equations in infinite dimensional, typically Hilbert and Banach, spaces. In the first part the authors give a self-contained exposition of the basic properties of probability measure on separable Banach and Hilbert spaces, as required later; they assume a reasonable background in probability theory and finite dimensional stochastic processes. The second part is devoted to the existence and uniqueness of solutions of a general stochastic evolution equation, and the third concerns the qualitative properties of those solutions. Appendices gather together background results from analysis that are otherwise hard to find under one roof. This revised edition includes two brand new chapters surveying recent developments in the area and an even more comprehensive bibliography, making this book an essential and up-to-date resource for all those working in stochastic differential equations.

  

Weather by the Numbers: The Genesis of Modern Meteorology

Title: Weather by the Numbers : The Genesis of Modern Meteorology

Author: Kristine C. Harper

eISBN: 9780262274982

Publisher: MIT Press

Publication Date: 2008-09-01

Summary from eBook Central: For much of the first half of the twentieth century, meteorology was more art than science, dependent on an individual forecaster's lifetime of local experience. In Weather by the Numbers, Kristine Harper tells the story of the transformation of meteorology from a "guessing science" into a sophisticated scientific discipline based on physics and mathematics. What made this possible was the development of the electronic digital computer; earlier attempts at numerical weather prediction had foundered on the human inability to solve nonlinear equations quickly enough for timely forecasting. After World War II, the combination of an expanded observation network developed for military purposes, newly trained meteorologists, savvy about math and physics, and the nascent digital computer created a new way of approaching atmospheric theory and weather forecasting. This transformation of a discipline, Harper writes, was the most important intellectual achievement of twentieth-century meteorology, and paved the way for the growth of computer-assisted modeling in all the sciences.

  

Coordinate Measuring Machines and Systems

Title: Coordinate Measuring Machines and Systems

Author: Robert J. Hocken and Paulo H. Pereira

eISBN: 9781420017533

Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC

Publication Date: 2016-04-19

Summary from eBook Central: Since John Bosch edited and published the first version of this book in 1995, the world of manufacturing and coordinate measuring machines (CMMs) and coordinate measuring systems (CMSs) has changed considerably. However, the basic physics of the machines has not changed in essence but have become more deeply understood. Completely revised and updated to reflect the change that have taken place in the last sixteen years, Coordinate Measuring Machines and Systems, Second Edition covers the evolution of measurements and development of standards, the use of CMMs, probing systems, algorithms and filters, performance and financial evaluations, and accuracy. See What's New in the Second Edition: Explores the rising expectations of the user for operator interfaces, ease of use, algorithms, speed, communications, and computational capabilities Details the expansion of machines such as the non-Cartesian CMM in market share and their increase in accuracy and utility Discusses changes in probing systems, and the number of points they can deliver to ever more sophisticated software Examines the pressures created by new applications to improve machine performance The book features two new editors, one from academia and one from a metrology intensive user industry, many new authors, and known experts who have grown with the field since the last version. Furnishing case studies from a wide range of installations, the book details how CMMs can best be applied to gain a competitive advantage in a variety of business settings.

Computation Statistics

Title: Computational Statistics

Author: Geof H. Givens and Jennifer A. Hoeting

eISBN: 9781118555286

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated

Publication Date: 2012-11-08

Summary from eBook Central: This new edition continues to serve as a comprehensive guide to modern and classical methods of statistical computing. The book is comprised of four main parts spanning the field: Optimization Integration and Simulation Bootstrapping Density Estimation and Smoothing Within these sections,each chapter includes a comprehensive introduction and step-by-step implementation summaries to accompany the explanations of key methods. The new edition includes updated coverage and existing topics as well as new topics such as adaptive MCMC and bootstrapping for correlated data. The book website now includes comprehensive R code for the entire book. There are extensive exercises, real examples, and helpful insights about how to use the methods in practice.

  

Rain Formation in Warm Clouds: General Systems Theory

Title: Rain Formation in Warm Clouds : General Systems Theory

Author: A. M. Selvam

eISBN: 9783319132693

Publisher: Springer

Publication Date: 2015-01-01

Summary from eBook Central: This book aims to promote the understanding of some of the basic mathematical and scientific issues in the subjects relating to climate dynamics, chaos and quantum mechanics. It is based on substantial research work in atmospheric science carried out over twenty years. Atmospheric flows exhibit self similar fractal fluctuations, a signature of long-range correlations on all space-time scales. Realistic simulation and prediction of atmospheric flows requires the incorporation of the physics of observed fractal fluctuation characteristics in traditional meteorological theory. A general systems theory model for fractal space-time fluctuations in turbulent atmospheric flows is presented and applied to the formation of rain in warm clouds. This model gives scale-free universal governing equations for cloud growth processes. The model predicted cloud parameters are in agreement with reported observations, in particular, the cloud drop-size distribution. Rain formation can occur in warm clouds within 30 minutes as observed in practice under favourable conditions of moisture supply in the environment. Traditional cloud physical concepts for rain development requires over an hour for a full-sized raindrop to form. The book provides background reading for postgraduate students of Meteorology, Atmospheric Sciences/Physics, Environmental Sciences, and scientists working in the field of the topic of the book as well as the multidisciplinary field of Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos.

  

 

 

02/2018

Library Books

Practical Methods of Optimization

Title: Practical Methods of Optimization

Author: R. Fletcher

eISBN: 9781118723210

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated

Publication Date: 2013-06-06

Summary from ebook Central: Fully describes optimization methods that are currently most valuable in solving real-life problems. Since optimization has applications in almost every branch of science and technology, the text emphasizes their practical aspects in conjunction with the heuristics useful in making them perform more reliably and efficiently. To this end, it presents comparative numerical studies to give readers a feel for possibile applications and to illustrate the problems in assessing evidence. Also provides theoretical background which provides insights into how methods are derived. This edition offers revised coverage of basic theory and standard techniques, with updated discussions of line search methods, Newton and quasi-Newton methods, and conjugate direction methods, as well as a comprehensive treatment of restricted step or trust region methods not commonly found in the literature. Also includes recent developments in hybrid methods for nonlinear least squares; an extended discussion of linear programming, with new methods for stable updating of LU factors; and a completely new section on network programming. Chapters include computer subroutines, worked examples, and study questions.   

Footprints in Micrometeorology and Ecology

Title: Footprints in Micrometeorology and Ecology

Author: Monique Y. Leclerc and Thomas Foken

eISBN: 9783642545450

Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

Publication Date: 2014-08-12

Summary from eBook Central: How to interpret meteorological measurements made at a given level over a surface with regard to characteristic properties such as roughness, albedo, heat, moisture, carbon dioxide, and other gases is an old question which goes back to the very beginnings of modern micrometeorology. It is made even more challenging when it is unclear whether these measurements are only valid for this point/region and precisely describe the conditions there, or if they are also influenced by surrounding areas. After 50 years of field experiments, it has become both apparent and problematic that meteorological measurements are influenced from surfaces on the windward side. As such, extending these measurements for inhomogeneous experimental sites requires a quantitative understanding of these influences. When combined with atmospheric transport models similar to air pollution models, the ‘footprint’ concept – a fundamental approach introduced roughly 20 years ago – provides us with information on whether or not the condition of upwind site homogeneity is fulfilled. Since these first models, the development of more scientifically based versions, validation experiments and applications has advanced rapidly. The aim of this book is to provide an overview of these developments, to analyze present deficits, to describe applications and to advance this topic at the forefront of micrometeorological research.

  

An Introduction to Fractional Calculus

Title: An Introduction to Fractional Calculus

Author: A. M. Mathai and H. J. Haubold

eISBN: 9781536120639

Publisher: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Publication Date: 2017-08-11

Summary from eBook Central: This is a modified version of Module 10 of the Centre for Mathematical and Statistical Sciences (CMSS). CMSS modules are notes prepared on various topics with many examples from real-life situations and exercises so that the subject matter becomes interesting to students. These modules are used for undergraduate level courses and graduate level training in various topics at CMSS. Aside from Module 8, these modules were developed by Dr. A. M. Mathai, Director of CMSS and Emeritus Professor of Mathematics and Statistics, McGill University, Canada. Module 8 is based on the lecture notes of Professor W. J. Anderson of McGill University, developed for his undergraduate course (Mathematics 447). Professor Dr. Hans J. Haubold has been a research collaborator of Dr. A.M. Mathai’s since 1984, mainly in the areas of astrophysics, special functions and statistical distribution theory. He is also a lifetime member of CMSS and a Professor at CMSS. A large number of papers have been published jointly in these areas since 1984. The following monographs and books have been brought out in conjunction with this joint research: Modern Problems in Nuclear and Neutrino Astrophysics (A.M. Mathai and H.J. Haubold, 1988, Akademie-Verlag, Berlin); Special Functions for Applied Scientists (A.M.Mathai and H.J. Haubold, 2008, Springer, New York); and The H-Function: Theory and Applications (A.M.Mathai, R.K. Saxena and H.J. Haubold, 2010, Springer, New York). These CMSS modules are printed at CMSS Press and published by CMSS. Copies are made available to students free of charge, and to researchers and others at production cost. For the preparation of the initial drafts of all these modules, financial assistance was made available from the Department of Science and Technology, the Government of India (DST), New Delhi under project number SR/S4/MS:287/05. Hence, the authors would like to express their thanks and gratitude to DST, the Government of India, for its financial assistance.

  

RF Analog Impairments Modeling for Communication Systems Simulation

Title: RF Analog Impairments Modeling for Communication Systems Simulation : Application to OFDM-Based Transceivers

Author: Lydi Smaini

eISBN: 9781118438886

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated

Publication Date: 2012-07-30

Summary from eBook Central: With the growing complexity of personal mobile communication systems demanding higher data-rates and high levels of integration using low-cost CMOS technology, overall system performance has become more sensitive to RF analog front-end impairments. Designing integrated transceivers requires a thorough understanding of the whole transceiver chain including RF analog front-end and digital baseband. Communication system engineers have to include RF analog imperfections in their simulation benches in order to study and quantify their impact on the system performance. Here the author explores key RF analog impairments in a transceiver and demonstrates how to model their impact from a communication system design view-point. He discusses the design aspects of the front end of transceivers (both receivers and transmitters) and provides the reader with a way to optimize a complex mixed-signal platform by taking into account the characteristics of the RF/analog front-end. Key features of this book include: Practical examples illustrated by system simulation results based on WiFi and mobile WiMAX OFDM transceivers An overview of the digital estimation and compensation of the RF analog impairments such as power amplifier distortion, quadrature imbalance, and carrier and sampling frequency offsets An exposition of the challenges involved in the design of both RF analog circuits and DSP communication circuits in deep submicron CMOS technology MATLAB#65533; codes for RF analog impairments models hosted on the companion website Uniquely the book bridges the gap between RFIC design specification needs and communication systems simulation, offering readers RF analog impairments modeling knowledge and a comprehensive approach to unifying theory and practice in system modelling. It is of great value to communication systems and DSP engineers and graduate students who design communication processing engines, RF/analog systems and IC design engineers involved in the design of communication platforms.

Harvesting Rainwater from Buildings

Title: Harvesting Rainwater from Buildings

Author: Harvesting Rainwater from Buildings

eISBN: 9783319463629

Publisher: Springer

Publication Date: 2017-01-09

Summary from eBook Central: The present book describes in detail all aspects of rainwater harvesting, including the basic concepts, procedures, opportunities and practice of rainwater harvesting mainly focusing its application in buildings of various occupancies and sizes. It provides a user-friendly methodology for the planning, design, construction and maintenance of rainwater harvesting infrastructure, in buildings and its premise, as a supplement to conventional water supplies. It highlights the application of plumbing technology, which is an important aspect of rainwater harvesting in buildings. It also includes global rainfall scenario and brief notes on all the elements of rainwater harvesting used in buildings. It is a valuable reference resource for policy and decision-makers, as well as for engineers, architects and students.

  

Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies

Title: Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies

Author: Markku Tilli, Teruaki Motooka, Veli-Matti Airaksinen, Sami Franssila, Mervi Paulasto-Krockel, and Veikko Lindroos

eISBN: 9780323312233

Publisher: Elsevier Science

Publication Date: 2015-09-22

Summary from eBook Central: The Handbook of Silicon Based MEMS Materials and Technologies, Second Edition, is a comprehensive guide to MEMS materials, technologies, and manufacturing that examines the state-of-the-art with a particular emphasis on silicon as the most important starting material used in MEMS. The book explains the fundamentals, properties (mechanical, electrostatic, optical, etc.), materials selection, preparation, manufacturing, processing, system integration, measurement, and materials characterization techniques, sensors, and multi-scale modeling methods of MEMS structures, silicon crystals, and wafers, also covering micromachining technologies in MEMS and encapsulation of MEMS components. Furthermore, it provides vital packaging technologies and process knowledge for silicon direct bonding, anodic bonding, glass frit bonding, and related techniques, shows how to protect devices from the environment, and provides tactics to decrease package size for a dramatic reduction in costs. Provides vital packaging technologies and process knowledge for silicon direct bonding, anodic bonding, glass frit bonding, and related techniques Shows how to protect devices from the environment and decrease package size for a dramatic reduction in packaging costs Discusses properties, preparation, and growth of silicon crystals and wafers Explains the many properties (mechanical, electrostatic, optical, etc.), manufacturing, processing, measuring (including focused beam techniques), and multiscale modeling methods of MEMS structures Geared towards practical applications rather than theory.

  

 

 

01/2018

Library Books

Inorganic Trace Analytics

Title: Inorganic Trace Analytics : Trace Element Analysis and Speciation

Author: Henryk Matusiewicz, Wiktor Dmitruk, Ewa Bulska, Emilia Vassileva, Petko Mandjukov, Katarzyna Wrobel, Alma Rosa Corrales Escobosa, Armando Gomez Ojeda, Anna Ruszczynska, and Eliza Kurek

eISBN: 9783110366730

Publisher: De Gruyter

Publication Date: 2017-12-18

Summary from ebook Central: Highly accurate chemical speciation is of great importance in environmental, clinical, and food sciences, as well as in archaeometry. Trace analysis via atomic spectrometry, mass spectroscopy, gas chromatography, electron microprobing, or X-ray absorption spectroscopy provides detailed information on surface and sub-surface domain of samples. The book comprehensively presents modern techniques, timely application, and data modeling.

  

Low Carbon Energy Transitions

Title: Low Carbon Energy Transitions : Turning Points in National Policy and Innovation

Author: Kathleen Araujo

eISBN: 9780199362561

Publisher: Oxford University Press

Publication Date: 2017-11-03

Summary from eBook Central: The world is at a pivotal crossroad in energy choices. There is a strong sense that our use of energy must be more sustainable. Moreover, many also broadly agree that a way must be found to rely increasingly on lower carbon energy sources. However, no single or clear solution exists on the means to carry out such a shift at either a national or international level. Traditional energy planning (when done) has revolved around limited cost projections that often fail to take longer term evidence and interactions of a wider set of factors into account. The good news is that evidence does exist on such change in case studies of different nations shifting toward low-carbon energy approaches. In fact, such shifts can occur quite quickly at times, alongside industrial and societal advance, innovation, and policy learning. These types of insights will be important for informing energy debates and decision-making going forward. Low Carbon Energy Transitions: Turning Points in National Policy and Innovation takes an in-depth look at four energy transitions that have occurred since the global oil crisis of 1973: Brazilian biofuels, Danish wind power, French nuclear power, and Icelandic geothermal energy. With these cases, Dr. Araújo argues that significant nationwide shifts to low-carbon energy can occur in under fifteen years, and that technological complexity is not necessarily a major impediment to such shifts. Dr. Araújo draws on more than five years of research, and interviews with over 120 different scientists, government workers, academics, and members of civil society in completing this study. Low Carbon Energy Transitions is written for for professionals in energy, the environment and policy as well as for students and citizens who are interested in critical decisions about energy sustainability. Technology briefings are provided for each of the major technologies in this book, so that scientific and non-scientific readers can engage in more even discussions about the choices that are involved.

  

Mathematical Statistics

Title: Mathematical Statistics : Essays on History and Methodology

Author: Johann Pfanzagl

eISBN: 9783642310843

Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

Publication Date: 2017-10-23

Summary from eBook Central:This book presents a detailed description of the development of statistical theory. In the mid twentieth century, the development of mathematical statistics underwent an enduring change, due to the advent of more refined mathematical tools. New concepts like sufficiency, superefficiency, adaptivity etc. motivated scholars to reflect upon the interpretation of mathematical concepts in terms of their real-world relevance. Questions concerning the optimality of estimators, for instance, had remained unanswered for decades, because a meaningful concept of optimality (based on the regularity of the estimators, the representation of their limit distribution and assertions about their concentration by means of Anderson’s Theorem) was not yet available. The rapidly developing asymptotic theory provided approximate answers to questions for which non-asymptotic theory had found no satisfying solutions. In four engaging essays, this book presents a detailed description of how the use of mathematical methods stimulated the development of a statistical theory. Primarily focused on methodology, questionable proofs and neglected questions of priority, the book offers an intriguing resource for researchers in theoretical statistics, and can also serve as a textbook for advanced courses in statistics

  

scikit-learn Cookbook

Title: scikit-learn Cookbook - Second Edition

Author: Julian Avila and Trent Hauck

eISBN: 9781787289833

Publisher: Packt Publishing

Publication Date: 2017-11-16

Summary from eBook Central: Learn to use scikit-learn operations and functions for Machine Learning and deep learning applications.This book includes walk throughs and solutions to the common as well as the not-so-common problems in machine learning, and how scikit-learn can be leveraged to perform various machine learning tasks effectively. The second edition begins with taking you through recipes on evaluating the statistical properties of data and generates synthetic data for machine learning modelling. As you progress through the chapters, you will comes across recipes that will teach you to implement techniques like data pre-processing, linear regression, logistic regression, K-NN, Naive Bayes, classification, decision trees, Ensembles and much more. Furthermore, you'll learn to optimize your models with multi-class classification, cross validation, model evaluation and dive deeper in to implementing deep learning with scikit-learn. Along with covering the enhanced features on model section, API and new features like classifiers, regressors and estimators the book also contains recipes on evaluating and fine-tuning the performance of your model. By the end of this book, you will have explored plethora of features offered by scikit-learn for Python to solve any machine learning problem you come across. Style and Approach This book consists of practical recipes on scikit-learn that target novices as well as intermediate users. It goes deep into the technical issues, covers additional protocols, and many more real-live examples so that you are able to implement it in your daily life scenarios.

Sustainable Energy Technologies

Title: Sustainable Energy Technologies

Author: Eduardo Rincón-Mejía and Alejandro de las Heras

eISBN: 9781351980678

Publisher: CRC Press

Publication Date: 2017-11-20

Summary from eBook Central: This book examines the key aspects that will define future sustainable energy systems: energy supply, energy storage, security and limited environmental impacts. It clearly explains the need for an integrated engineering approach to sustainable energies, based on mathematical, biogeophysical, and engineering arguments. Resilient and efficient alternatives are compared to non-sustainable options. This book results from the collaboration of 50 international contributors.

  

12/2017

Library Books

Basic Engineering Mathematics

Title: Diffractive Optics and Nanophotonics

Author: V. A. Soifer Bird, John

eISBN: 9781315351032

Publisher: CRC Press

Publication Date: 2016-11-15

Summary from Ebook Central: Diffractive Optics and Nanophotonics is devoted to achievements in diffractive optics, focusing on the creation of new nanophotonic components and devices, as well as instrumentation and available information technology. The author describes methods of calculation of diffractive optical elements to solve actual problems of nanophotonics. Coverage includes mathematical methods for calculation of diffraction gratings, calculation of modes of inhomogeneous waveguides, integral methods of calculation of electromagnetic field near the focus, and methods of calculation of diffractive optical elements generating vortex laser beams.

  

Title: From Science to Society : New Trends in Environmental Informatics

Author: From Science to Society : New Trends in Environmental Informatics

eISBN: 9783319656878

Publisher: Springer International Publishing AG, z.Hd. Alexander Grossmann

Publication Date: 2017-08-23

Summary from OCLC: Summary from eBook Central:</strong> This book presents the latest findings and ongoing research in connection with green information systems and green information & communication technology (ICT). It provides valuable insights into a broad range of cross-cutting concerns in ICT and the environmental sciences, and showcases how ICT can be used to effectively address environmental and energy efficiency issues. Offering a selection of extended contributions to the 31st International Conference EnviroInfo 2017, it is essential reading for anyone looking to expand their expertise in the area.

  

Title: Modern Age Environmental Problems and their Remediation

Author: Mohammad Oves, Mohammad Zain Khan, and Iqbal M.I. Ismail

eISBN: 9783319645018

Publisher: Springer International Publishing AG, z.Hd. Alexander Grossmann

Publication Date: 2017-10-10

Summary from OCLC: This book presents a novel picture in current advances in research of theoretical and practical frameworks of environmental problems and solutions taken from the latest empirical research findings. The book deals with basic concepts and principles of process, modern biochemical and molecular approaches, genomics and metagenomics, proteomics, remediation strategies of various hazardous pollutants, microbial carbon sequestration and remediation, phytoremediation, bioleaching, biosorption, upscaling of systems, and considers the merit and demerits based on the current literature related to environmental problems and solutions. The book is aimed at professionals, researchers, academicians, and students who would like to improve their understanding of the strategic role of environment protection and advanced applied technologies at different levels. It will be useful for the experienced engineer or scientist working in the field.

  

Title: State-of-the-Art Infrared Detector Technology

Author: Kinch Michael A.

eISBN: 9781628412901

Publisher: Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)

Publication Date: 2014-10-30

Summary from eBook Central:This book presents a novel picture in current advances in research of theoretical and practical frameworks of environmental problems and solutions taken from the latest empirical research findings. The book deals with basic concepts and principles of process, modern biochemical and molecular approaches, genomics and metagenomics, proteomics, remediation strategies of various hazardous pollutants, microbial carbon sequestration and remediation, phytoremediation, bioleaching, biosorption, upscaling of systems, and considers the merit and demerits based on the current literature related to environmental problems and solutions. The book is aimed at professionals, researchers, academicians, and students who would like to improve their understanding of the strategic role of environment protection and advanced applied technologies at different levels. It will be useful for the experienced engineer or scientist working in the field.

  

Title:Wireless Public Safety Networks 2 : A Systematic Approach

Author: Camara, Daniel; Nikaein, Navid

eISBN: 9780081010693

Publisher: Elsevier Science

Summary from eBook Central: Wireless Public Safety Networks, Volume Two: A Systematic Approach presents the latest advances in the wireless Public Safety Networks (PSNs) field, the networks established by authorities to either prepare the population for an eminent catastrophe, or those used for support during crisis and normalization phases. Maintaining communication capabilities in a disaster scenario is crucial for avoiding loss of lives and damages to property. This book examines past communication failures that have directly contributed to the loss of lives, giving readers in-depth discussions of the public networks that impact emergency management, covering social media, crowdsourcing techniques, wearable wireless sensors, moving-cells scenarios, mobility management protocols, 5G networks, broadband networks, data dissemination, and the resources of the frequency spectrum.

Provides a focus on specific enabling technologies which can help the most on the deployment and usage of PSNs in real world scenarios Proposes a general framework that has the capability to fulfill the public safety requirements and dynamically adapt to different public safety situations Investigates the problem of data dissemination over PSNs, presenting a review of the state-of-the-art of different information and communication technologies.

 

 

10/2017

Library Books

Basic Engineering Mathematics

Title: Basic Engineering Mathematics

Author: Bird, John eISBN: 9781317202363 Publisher: Taylor and Francis Publication Date: 15 May, 2017

Summary from Ebook Central: Now in its seventh edition, Basic Engineering Mathematics is an established textbook that has helped thousands of students to succeed in their exams. Mathematical theories are explained in a straightforward manner, being supported by practical engineering examples and applications in order to ensure that readers can relate theory to practice. The extensive and thorough topic coverage makes this an ideal text for introductory level engineering courses. This title is supported by a companion website with resources for both students and lecturers, including lists of essential formulae, multiple choice tests, and full solutions for all 1,600 further questions.

  

Title: Biomedical Photonics Handbook, Second Edition : Biomedical Diagnostics

Author: Vo-Dinh, Tuan

eISBN: 9781420085150

Publisher: CRC Press

Publication Date: 29 Jul, 2014

Summary from OCLC: Shaped by Quantum Theory, Technology, and the Genomics RevolutionThe integration of photonics, electronics, biomaterials, and nanotechnology holds great promise for the future of medicine. This topic has recently experienced an explosive growth due to the noninvasive or minimally invasive nature and the cost-effectiveness of photonic modalities in medical diagnostics and therapy. The second edition of the Biomedical Photonics Handbook presents fundamental developments as well as important applications of biomedical photonics of interest to scientists, engineers, manufacturers, teachers, students, and clinical providers.

  

Title: Concepts and Methods of 2D Infrared Spectroscopy

Author: Hamm, Peter; Zanni, Martin

eISBN: 9781139045056

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Publication Date: 24 Feb, 2011Summary from OCLC: 2D infrared (IR) spectroscopy is a cutting-edge technique, with applications in subjects as diverse as the energy sciences, biophysics and physical chemistry. This book introduces the essential concepts of 2D IR spectroscopy step-by-step to build an intuitive and in-depth understanding of the method. This unique book introduces the mathematical formalism in a simple manner, examines the design considerations for implementing the methods in the laboratory, and contains working computer code to simulate 2D IR spectra and exercises to illustrate involved concepts. Readers will learn how to accurately interpret 2D IR spectra, design their own spectrometer and invent their own pulse sequences. It is an excellent starting point for graduate students and researchers new to this exciting field. Computer codes and answers to the exercises can be downloaded

  

Title: The Duffing Equation : Nonlinear Oscillators and Their Behaviour

Author: Kovacic, Ivana; Brennan, Michael J.

eISBN: 9780470977866

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated

Publication Date: 11 Feb, 2011

Summary from Ebook Central: The Duffing Equation: Nonlinear Oscillators and their Behaviour brings together the results of a wealth of disseminated research literature on the Duffing equation, a key engineering model with a vast number of applications in science and engineering, summarizing the findings of this research. Each chapter is written by an expert contributor in the field of nonlinear dynamics and addresses a different form of the equation, relating it to various oscillatory problems and clearly linking the problem with the mathematics that describe it. The editors and the contributors explain the mathematical techniques required to study nonlinear dynamics, helping the reader with little mathematical background to understand the text. The Duffing Equation provides a reference text for postgraduate and students and researchers of mechanical engineering and vibration / nonlinear dynamics as well as a useful tool for practising mechanical engineers. Includes a chapter devoted to historical background on Georg Duffing and the equation that was named after him. Includes a chapter solely devoted to practical examples of systems whose dynamic behaviour is described by the Duffing equation. Contains a comprehensive treatment of the various forms of the Duffing equation. Uses experimental, analytical and numerical methods as well as concepts of nonlinear dynamics to treat the physical systems in a unified way.

  

Title:Spin Current

Author: Maekawa, Sadamichi; Valenzuela, Sergio O.; Saitoh, Eiji

eISBN: 9780191635106

Publisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2012.

Summary from OCLC: Since the discovery of the giant magnetoresistance (GMR) effect in magnetic multilayers in 1988, a new branch of physics and technology, called spin-electronics or spintronics, has emerged, where the flow of electrical charge as well as the flow of electron spin, the so-called "spin current", are manipulated and controlled together. Recent progress in the physics of magnetism and the application of spin current has progressed in tandem with the nanofabrication technology of magnets and the engineering of interfaces and thin films. This book is intended to provide an introduction and guide to the new physics and applications of spin current. The emphasis is placed on the interaction between spin and charge currents in magnetic nanostructures.

  

Print Books

Title: Advanced Environmental Analysis: Applications of Nanomaterials, Volume 1 (Detection Science)

Author: Hussain, Chaudhery Mustansar

ISBN-13: 978-1782621447

Publisher: Cambridge : Royal Society Of Chemistry, [2017]

Summary from publisher's website: Environmental analysis techniques have advanced due to the use of nanotechnologies in improving the detection sensitivity and miniaturization of the devices in analytical procedures. These allow for developments such as increases in analyte concentration, the removal of interfering species and improvements in the detection limits. Bridging a gap in the literature, this book uniquely brings together state-of-the-art research in the applications of novel nanomaterials to each of the classical components of environmental analysis, namely sample preparation and extraction, separation and identification by spectroscopic techniques. Special attention is paid to those approaches that are considered greener and reduce the cost of the analysis process both in terms of chemicals and time consumption.

  

Title: Advanced Environmental Analysis: Applications of Nanomaterials, Volume 2 (Detection Science)

Author: Hussain, Chaudhery Mustansar ISBN-13: 978-1782629061 Publisher: Cambridge : Royal Society Of Chemistry, [2017]

Summary from publisher's website: Environmental analysis techniques have advanced due to the use of nanotechnologies in improving the detection sensitivity and miniaturization of the devices in analytical procedures. These allow for developments such as increases in analyte concentration, the removal of interfering species and improvements in the detection limits. Bridging a gap in the literature, this book uniquely brings together state-of-the-art research in the applications of novel nanomaterials to each of the classical components of environmental analysis, namely sample preparation and extraction, separation and identification by spectroscopic techniques. Special attention is paid to those approaches that are considered greener and reduce the cost of the analysis process both in terms of chemicals and time consumption.

  

Title: Advances in Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Oceans

Author: Victor Yu Raizer ISBN: 9781498767767 Publisher: Boca Raton : CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, [2017]

Summary from publisher's website: This book demonstrates the capabilities of passive microwave technique for enhanced observations of ocean features, including the detection of (sub)surface events and/or disturbances while laying out the benefits and boundaries of these methods. It represents not only an introduction and complete description of the main principles of ocean microwave radiometry and imagery, but also provides guidance for further experimental studies. Furthermore, it expands the analysis of remote sensing methods, models, and techniques and focuses on a high-resolution multiband imaging observation concept. Such an advanced approach provides readers with a new level of geophysical information and data acquisition granting the opportunity to improve their expertise on advanced microwave technology, now an indispensable tool for diagnostics of ocean phenomena and disturbances.

  

Title: Deep Learning (Adaptive Computation and Machine Learning series)

Author: Goodfellow, Ian

ISBN-13: 978-0262035613

Publisher: Cambridge, Massachusetts : The MIT Press, [2016]

Summary from OCLC: "Deep learning is a form of machine learning that enables computers to learn from experience and understand the world in terms of a hierarchy of concepts. Because the computer gathers knowledge from experience, there is no need for a human computer operator to formally specify all the knowledge that the computer needs. The hierarchy of concepts allows the computer to learn complicated concepts by building them out of simpler ones; a graph of these hierarchies would be many layers deep. This book introduces a broad range of topics in deep learning. The text offers mathematical and conceptual background, covering relevant concepts in linear algebra, probability theory and information theory, numerical computation, and machine learning. It describes deep learning techniques used by practitioners in industry, including deep feedforward networks, regularization, optimization algorithms, convolutional networks, sequence modeling, and practical methodology; and it surveys such applications as natural language processing, speech recognition, computer vision, online recommendation systems, bioinformatics, and video games. Finally, the book offers research perspectives, covering such theoretical topics as linear factor models, autoencoders, representation learning, structured probabilistic models, Monte Carlo methods, the partition function, approximate inference, and deep generative models. Deep Learning can be used by undergraduate or graduate students planning careers in either industry or research, and by software engineers who want to begin using deep learning in their products or platforms. A website offers supplementary material for both readers and instructors"--Page 4 of cover.

  

Title: The Emergence of Numerical Weather Prediction: Richardson's Dream

Author: Peter Lynch

ISBN: 9780521857291

Publisher: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Summary from OCLC: "This book tells the story of Lewis Fry Richardson's trial forecast, and the fulfilment of his dream of practical weather forecasting and climate modelling. It has a complete reconstruction of Richardson's forecast, and analyses in detail the causes of the failure of this forecast. It also includes a description of current practice, with particular emphasis on the work of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts. This book will appeal to everyone involved in numerical weather forecasting, from researchers and graduate students to professionals."--Book Jacket

  

12/2016

Library Books

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Hadfield, R. H. and G. Johansson. 2016. Superconducting devices in quantum optics. Springer. TK7872.S8 H35 2016

This book presents the basics and applications of superconducting devices in quantum optics. Superconducting detectors provide unparalleled performance for the detection of infrared photons in quantum cryptography, enable fundamental advances in quantum optics, and provide a direct route to on-chip optical quantum information processing. Superconducting circuits based on Josephson junctions provide a blueprint for scalable quantum information processing as well as opening up a new regime for quantum optics at microwave wavelengths. The new field of quantum acoustics allows the state of a superconducting qubit to be transmitted as a phonon excitation.  

Mitschke, Fedor. 2016. Fiber optics: physics and technology, 2nd ed. Springer. TA1800 .M58 2016

This book takes you from the physical basics of ray and beam optics, explain fiber structure and the functions of optical elements, and brings you to the forefront of applications. The state of the art of high speed data transmission is described, and the use of fiber optic sensors in metrology is treated. This book is written so that students of both physics and electrical engineering, as well as technicians and engineers involved in optical technologies, will benefit.

Neri, Ferrante. 2016. Linear Algebra for computational sciences and engineering. Springer. QA184.2 .M35 2016

This book presents the main concepts of linear algebra from the viewpoint of applied scientists without compromising on mathematical rigor. Based on the idea that computational scientists and engineers need an understanding of theoretical concepts of mathematics in order to be able to propose research advances and innovative solutions, every concept is thoroughly introduced and is accompanied by its informal interpretation. Most of the theorems included are first rigorously proved and then shown in practice by a numerical example. This book is designed to be ideal for both theoretical and practical minds and to offer to both alternative and complementary perspectives to study and understand linear algebra.

Song, Hongjiang. 2017. VLSI analog circuits: algorithms, architecture, modeling, and circuit implementation, 2nd ed. McGraw Hill Education. TK7874.75 .S65 2017

This comprehensive resource shows how very-large-scale integration (VLSI) technology can be effectively deployed in real-world electronics to meet cost, power, function, and reliability requirements. This textbook is for advanced electrical engineering courses that shows, step-by-step, how to analyze and solve practical design problems using VLSI. The reader will get up-to-date discussions on VLSI passive, active-RC, MOS-C, Gm-C, CTI, SC, and SI analog filter circuits. Mixed-mode configurations, VLSI RF signal processing, and circuit tuning techniques are explained in full detail.

Tenoudji, F. C. 2016. Analog and digital signal analysis: from basics to applications. Springer. TK5102.9 .T25 2016

This book provides comprehensive, graduate-level treatment of analog and digital signal analysis suitable for course use and self-guided learning. This expert text guides the reader from the basics of signal theory through a range of application tools for use in acoustic analysis, geophysics, and data compression. Each concept is introduced and explained step by step, and the necessary mathematical formulae are integrated in an accessible and intuitive way. The first part of the book explores how analog systems and signals form the basics of signal analysis. Part II covers digital signals, demonstrating their key advantages; while the third part of the book is devoted to random signals, including spectral estimation, parametric modeling, and Tikhonov regularization.

Electronic Books (ebrary)

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Evans, D. J. et al. 2016. Fundamentals of classical statistical thermodynamics: dissipation, relaxation and fluctuation theorems. Wiley-VCH.

Both a comprehensive overview and a treatment at the appropriate level of detail, this textbook explains thermodynamics and generalizes the subject so it can be applied to small nano- or biosystems, arbitrarily far from or close to equilibrium. In addition, nonequilibrium free energy theorems are covered with a rigorous exposition of each one. Throughout, the authors stress the physical concepts along with the mathematical derivations. For researchers and students in physics, chemistry, materials science and molecular biology, this is a useful text for postgraduate courses in statistical mechanics, thermodynamics and molecular simulations, while equally serving as a reference for university teachers and researchers in these fields.

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Gobel, E. O. and Uwe Siegner. 2015. Quantum metrology: foundation of units and measurements. Wiley-VCH.

This book introduces and explains the applications of modern physics concepts to metrology, the science and the applications of measurements. A special focus is made on the use of quantum standards for the realization of the forthcoming new SI (the international system of units). The basic physical phenomena are introduced on a level which provides comprehensive information for the experienced reader but also provides a guide for a more intense study of these phenomena for students.

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Olsen, G. H. 1986. Electronics made simple, 2nd ed. Heinemann.

This book is divided into 15 chapters and begins with reviews of the properties and behavior of resistors, capacitors, inductors, and semiconductor devices. Considerable chapters deal with how these devices can be assembled into useful fundamental circuits such as amplifiers, oscillators and power supplies. These topics are followed by discussions of the importance of integrated circuits and the use of digital equipment and photocells in control and computing apparatus. The remaining chapters are devoted to electronic systems of general interest such as radio, television and high fidelity sound reproduction. Ten projects are presented based on simple and useful circuits given for those who wish to use their knowledge to produce practical results. 

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Zekai, S. 2016. Spatial modeling principles in earth sciences, 2nd ed. Springer.

This is a revised and updated second edition, including new chapters on temporal and point uncertainty model, as well as on sampling and deterministic modeling. It is a comprehensive presentation of spatial modeling techniques used in the earth sciences, outlining original techniques developed by the author. This book outlines in a detailed yet accessible way the main spatial modeling techniques, in particular the Kriging methodology. It also presents many unique physical approaches, field cases, and sample interpretations.
Since Kriging’s origin in the 1960s it has been developed into a number of new methods such as cumulative SV (CSV), point CSV (PCSV), and spatial dependence function, which have been applied in different aspects of the earth sciences. Each techniques is explained, as well as how they are used to model earth science phenomena such as geology, earthquakes, meteorology, and hydrology. In addition to Kriging and its variants, several alternatives to Kriging methodology are presented and the necessary steps in their applications are clearly explained. Simple spatial variation prediction methodologies are also revised with up-to-date literature, and the ways in which they relate to more advanced spatial modeling methodologies are explained.

 

11/2016

Library Books

Electronic Books (ebrary)

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Alfano, Robert R. 2016. The supercontinuum laser source: the ultimate white light, 3rd ed. Springer.

This is the third edition of a well-known classic on ultrafast nonlinear and linear processes responsible for supercontinuum generation. Part I of the book reviews the progress achieved in experimental and theoretical understanding of the field, and goes over the applications developed since the discovery of the supercontinuum effect. Part II covers recent research activity on supercontinuum phenomena and advances achieved since the publication of the previous edition. The new chapters specifically focus on: normal dispersion photonic band gap fibers; coherence in the supercontinuum; supercontinuum in the UV, NIR, and IR; and supercontinuum in XUV and X-rays for attosecond pulses.

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Karimi, Hassan A. 2015. Indoor wayfinding and navigation. CRC Press.

Due to the widespread use of navigation systems for wayfinding and navigation in the outdoors, researchers have devoted their efforts in recent years to designing navigation systems that can be used indoors. This book is a comprehensive guide to designing and building indoor wayfinding and navigation systems. It covers all types of feasible sensors (for example, Wi-Fi, A-GPS), discussing the level of accuracy, the types of map data needed, the data sources, and the techniques for providing routes and directions within structures.

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Knippertz, Peter and Jan-Berend W. Stuut. 2014. Mineral dust: a key player in the earth system. Springer.

This volume presents state-of-the-art research about mineral dust, including results from field campaigns, satellite observations, laboratory studies, computer modelling and theoretical studies. Aspects of dust research covered in this book reach from timescales of minutes (as with dust devils, cloud processes, and radiation) to millennia (as with loess formation and oceanic sediments), making dust both a player and recorder of environmental change. The book is structured in four main parts that explore characteristics of dust, the global dust cycle, impacts of dust on the Earth system, and dust as a climate indicator.

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Seinfield, John H. and Spyros N. Pandis. 2016. Atmospheric chemistry and physics: from air pollution to climate change 3rd ed. Wiley and Sons.

Since the second edition of Seinfeld and Pandis' classic textbook, significant progress has taken place in the field of atmospheric chemistry and physics, particularly in the areas of tropospheric chemistry, aerosols, and the science of climate change. A new edition of this comprehensive work has been developed by the renowned author team. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 3rd Edition, as the previous two editions have done, provides a rigorous and comprehensive treatment of the chemistry and physics of the atmosphere including the chemistry of the stratosphere and troposphere, aerosol physics and chemistry, atmospheric new particle formation, physical meteorology, cloud physics, global climate, statistical analysis of data, and mathematical chemical/transport models of the atmosphere. Each of these topics is covered in detail and in each area the central results are developed from first principles. In this way the reader gains a significant understanding of the science underlying atmospheric processes and will be able to extend theories and results to solving real world problems.

 

 

10/2016

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Belmudez, Benjamin. 2015. Audiovisual quality assessment and prediction for videotelephony. Springer. TK5105.15 .B45 2015.

The work presented in this book focuses on modeling audiovisual quality as perceived by the users of IP-based solutions for video communication like videotelephony. It also extends the current framework for the parametric prediction of audiovisual call quality. The book addresses several aspects related to the quality perception of entire video calls, namely, the quality estimation of the single audio and video modalities in an interactive context, the audiovisual quality integration of these modalities and the temporal pooling of short sample-based quality scores to account for the perceptual quality impact of time-varying degradations.

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Fischetti, Massimo V. and William G. Vandenberghe. 2016. Advanced physics of electron transport in semiconductors and nanostructures. Springer. QC611.6.E45 F57 2016.

This textbook is aimed at second-year graduate students in Physics, Electrical Engineer­ing, or Materials Science. It presents a rigorous introduction to electronic transport in solids, especially at the nanometer scale.Understanding electronic transport in solids requires some basic knowledge of Ham­iltonian Classical Mechanics, Quantum Mechanics, Condensed Matter Theory, and Statistical Mechanics. Hence, this book discusses those sub-topics which are required to deal with electronic transport in a single, self-contained course. This will be useful for students who intend to work in academia or the nano/ micro-electronics industry.

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Ghasemi, Abdoolah et al. 2016. Propagation engineering in wireless communications, 2nd ed. Springer. TK 6553 .G43 2016.

This book covers the basic principles for understanding radio wave propagation for common frequency bands used in radio-communications. This includes achievements and developments in propagation models for wireless communication. This book is intended to bridge the gap between the theoretical calculations and approaches to the applied procedures needed for radio links design in a proper manner. The authors emphasize propagation engineering by giving fundamental information and explain the use of basic principles together with technical achievements. This new edition includes additional information on radio wave propagation in guided media and technical issues for fiber optics cable networks with several examples and problems. This book also includes a solution manual - with 90 solved examples distributed throughout the chapters - and 158 problems including practical values and assumptions.

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Hester, R. E. et al. 2016. Airborne particulate matter: sources, atmospheric processes and health, volume 42. Royal Society of Chemistry. TD883 .H487 2016.

The estimated health impacts and associated economic costs resulting from airborne particulate matter are substantial. Exposure to airborne fine particles ranks highly amongst preventable causes of disease. This book reviews the sources and atmospheric processes affecting airborne particulate matter and consequent impacts upon human health. Examining the latest information on the sources of particles in the atmosphere, both through direct emissions and atmospheric formation, the book also explores the methods which are used to estimate the contributions of different sources to airborne concentrations. Featuring case studies from recent assessments in Europe, the USA, China and India, the book provides a global overview of source apportionment. The health effects are reviewed in the context of the influence of sources, chemical composition and particle size upon relative toxicity. This comprehensive book is an important reference for policymakers and consultants working with pollution and human health, as well as academics working in atmospheric chemistry.

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Orszag, Miguel. 2016. Quantum optics: including noise reduction, trapped ions, quantum trajectories, and decoherence, 3rd ed. Springer. QA446.2 .O76 2016.

Quantum Optics gives a very broad coverage of basic laser-related phenomena that allow scientist and engineers to carry out research in quantum optics and laser physics.

It covers quantization of the electromagnetic field, quantum theory of coherence, atom-field interaction models, resonance fluorescence, quantum theory of damping, laser theory using both the master equation and the Langevin theory, the correlated emission laser, input-output theory with applications to non-linear optics, quantum trajectories, quantum non-demolition measurements and generation of non-classical vibrational states of ions in a Paul trap. In this second edition, there is an enlarged chapter on decoherence, as well as additional material dealing with elements of quantum computation, entanglement of pure and mixed states as well as a chapter on quantum copying and processors.

These topics are presented in a unified and didactic manner. The presentation of the book is clear and pedagogical; it balances the theoretical aspect of quantum optics and quantum information theory with recent relevant experiments.

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Russ, Samuel H. 2016. Signal integrity: applied electromagnetics and professional practice. TK7867.2 .R87 2016.

This textbook teaches how to design working systems at very high frequencies. It is designed to introduce computer engineers to the design of extremely high speed digital systems. Combining an intuitive, physics-based approach to electromagnetics with a focus on solving realistic problems, the author presents concepts that are essential for computer and electrical engineers today. The book emphasizes an intuitive approach to electromagnetics, and then uses this foundation to show the reader how both physical phenomena can cause signals to propagate incorrectly; and how to solve commonly encountered issues. Emphasis is placed on real problems that the author has encountered in his professional career, integrating problem-solving strategies and real signal-integrity case studies throughout the presentation. Students are challenged to think about managing complex design projects and implementing successful engineering and manufacturing processes. Each chapter includes exercises to test concepts introduced.

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Sirca, Simon. 2016. Probability for physicists. Springer. QA273 .S57 2016.

This book is designed as a practical and intuitive introduction to probability, statistics and random quantities for physicists. The book aims at getting to the main points by a clear, hands-on exposition supported by well-illustrated and worked-out examples. A strong focus on applications in physics and other natural sciences is maintained throughout. In addition to basic concepts of random variables, distributions, expected values and statistics, the book discusses the notions of entropy, Markov processes, and fundamentals of random number generation and Monte-Carlo methods.

Electronic Books (ebrary)

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Aaen, Peter H. et al. 2007. Modeling and characterization of RF and microwave power FETs.

This book is an introductory course to the physics and chemistry of the atmosphere and to climate dynamics. It covers the basics in thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, radiation, and chemistry and explains the most intriguing problems that currently exist in the study of the atmospheres of the Earth and planets. A particular effort is made to approach the different topics intuitively. Among the themes covered are the most recent evolution concerning the chemistry of polluted troposphere, the global warming problem, and chaos and nonlinear theory.

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Chave, Alan D. and Alan G. Jones. 2012. The magnetotelluric method: theory and practice.

The Magnetotelluric Method is a technique for imaging the electrical conductivity and structure of the Earth, from the near surface down to the 410 km transition zone and beyond. This book forms the first comprehensive overview of magnetotellurics from the salient physics and its mathematical representation, to practical implementation in the field, data processing, modeling and geological interpretation. Electromagnetic induction in 1-D, 2-D and 3-D media is explored, building from first principles, and with thorough coverage of the practical techniques of time series processing, distortion, numerical modeling and inversion.

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Marshall, John. 1995. Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics: an introductory text.

For advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in atmospheric, oceanic, and climate science, Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics is an introductory textbook on the circulations of the atmosphere and ocean and their interaction, with an emphasis on global scales. It will give students a good grasp of what the atmosphere and oceans look like on the large-scale and why they look that way. The role of the oceans in climate and paleoclimate is also discussed. The combination of observations, theory and accompanying illustrative laboratory experiments sets this text apart by making it accessible to students with no prior training in meteorology or oceanography.

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Rouphael, Tony J. 2014. Wireless receiver architectures and design: antennas, RF, synthesizers, mixed signal, and digital signal processing.

Wireless Receiver Architectures and Design presents the various designs and architectures of wireless receivers in the context of modern multi-mode and multi-standard devices. This one-stop reference and guide to designing low-cost low-power multi-mode, multi-standard receivers treats analog and digital signal processing simultaneously, with equal detail given to the chosen architecture and modulating waveform. It provides a complete understanding of the receiver‘s analog front end and the digital backend, and how each affects the other. The book explains the design process in great detail, starting from an analysis of requirements to the choice of architecture and finally to the design and algorithm development. The advantages and disadvantages of each wireless architecture and the suitability to a standard are given, enabling a better choice of design methodology, receiver lineup, analog block, and digital algorithm for a particular architecture.

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Visconti, Guido. 2016. Fundamentals of physics and chemistry of the atmospheres, 2nd edition.

This book is an introductory course to the physics and chemistry of the atmosphere and to climate dynamics. It covers the basics in thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, radiation, and chemistry and explains the most intriguing problems that currently exist in the study of the atmospheres of the Earth and planets. A particular effort is made to approach the different topics intuitively. Among the themes covered are the most recent evolution concerning the chemistry of polluted troposphere, the global warming problem, and chaos and nonlinear theory.

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