Open Access


What is Open Access?

Open Access (OA) scholarly resources are free-of-charge and available online, per author permission. Fair use is applicable, including using a resource or portion thereof for scholarship, teaching, news reporting, archiving, and critiquing. Similarities with conventional publishing include peer review and citation metrics. Reasons for OA:

  • Maximize research investments
  • Maximize exposure of research results
  • Maximize research across available literature
  • Facilitate the growth of scholarship

Green and Gold

Two "Roads" to OA Publishing: Green and Gold

  • Green OA
    • Self-archiving peer-reviewed research online, on a publicly accessible website
    • Institutional repositories exist
    • OAI-compliant e-print archives are interoperable
    • Self-archived documents can be aggregated worldwide via such platforms as OAIster (hosted by OCLC since 2010)
  • Gold OA
    • Publishing in journals specifically geared toward OA
    • Archiving by publisher
    • Measurable citation impacts
    • Authors may have to pay fee

Green and Gold OA are not mutually exclusive. SpringerOpen and Wiley Online Open, for example, endorse self-archiving of submitted papers.